Most Widespread Invasive Plants in North America

Based on Number of Occurrences from GISIN and EDDMapS

Common Name Scientific Name
rosarypeaAbrus precatorius L.
velvetleafAbutilon theophrasti Medik
Norway mapleAcer platanoides L.
common yarrowAchillea millefolium L.
Indian ricegrassAchnatherum hymenoides (Roemer & J.A. Schultes) Barkworth
jointed goatgrassAegilops cylindrica Host
crested wheatgrassAgropyron cristatum (L.) Gaertn.
redtopAgrostis gigantea Roth
creeping bentgrassAgrostis stolonifera L.
tree-of-heavenAilanthus altissima (P. Mill.) Swingle
mimosaAlbizia julibrissin Durazz.
camelthornAlhagi maurorum Medik
garlic mustardAlliaria petiolata (Bieb.) Cavara & Grande
wild onionAllium canadense L.
wild garlicAllium vineale L.
alligatorweedAlternanthera philoxeroides (Mart.) Griseb.
redroot pigweedAmaranthus retroflexus L.
spiny amaranthAmaranthus spinosus L
common ragweedAmbrosia artemisiifolia L.
giant ragweedAmbrosia trifida L.
indigobushAmorpha fruticosa L.
broomsedge bluestemAndropogon virginicus L.
spurred anodaAnoda cristata (L.) Schlecht
stinking chamomileAnthemis cotula L
sweet vernalgrassAnthoxanthum odoratum L.
hemp dogbaneApocynum cannabinum L.
common burdockArctium minus Bernh.
thymeleaf sandwortArenaria serpyllifolia L.
tall oatgrassArrhenatherum elatius (L.) Beauv. ex J.& K. Presl
absinth wormwoodArtemisia absinthium L.
big sagebrushArtemisia tridentata Nutt
giant reedArundo donax L.
Sprenger's asparagus fernAsparagus aethiopicus L.
wild oatAvena fatua L.
yellow rocketBarbarea vulgaris Ait. f.
Japanese barberryBerberis thunbergii DC.
common barberryBerberis vulgaris L
hoary alyssumBerteroa incana (L.) DC
spanishneedlesBidens bipinnata L.
perennial false-bromeBrachypodium sylvaticum (Huds.) Beauv.
Indian mustardBrassica juncea (L.) Czern
black mustardBrassica nigra (L.) W.D.J. Koch
birdsrape mustardBrassica rapa L.
African mustardBrassica tournefortii Gouan
field bromeBromus arvensis L.
rescuegrassBromus catharticus Vahl
smooth bromeBromus inermis Leyss.
bald bromeBromus racemosus L.
red bromeBromus rubens L.
rye bromeBromus secalinus L.
cheatgrassBromus tectorum L.
paper-mulberryBroussonetia papyrifera (L.) L'Hér. ex Vent.
corn gromwellBuglossoides arvensis (L.) I.M. Johnston
incense-cedarCalocedrus decurrens (Torr.) Florin
hedge bindweedCalystegia sepium (L.) R. Br
smallseed falseflaxCamelina microcarpa DC.
creeping bellflowerCampanula rapunculoides L.
marijuanaCannabis sativa L
shepherd's-purseCapsella bursa-pastoris (L.) Medik.
spiny plumeless thistleCarduus acanthoides L.
musk thistleCarduus nutans L.
woolly distaff thistleCarthamus lanatus L.
Australian-pineCasuarina equisetifolia L.
northern catalpaCatalpa speciosa (Warder) Warder ex Engelm.
oriental bittersweetCelastrus orbiculatus Thunb.
longspine sandburCenchrus longispinus (Hack.) Fern
crimson fountaingrassCenchrus setaceus (Forssk.) Morrone
cornflowerCentaurea cyanus L.
diffuse knapweedCentaurea diffusa Lam.
alpine knapweedCentaurea nigrescens Willd
yellow starthistleCentaurea solstitialis L.
spotted knapweedCentaurea stoebe ssp. micranthos (Gugler) Hayek
common mouse-ear chickweedCerastium fontanum Baumg.
big chickweedCerastium fontanum ssp. vulgare (Hartman) Greuter & Burdet
sensitive partridgepeaChamaecrista nictitans (L.) Moench
lambsquartersChenopodium album L
giantseed goosefootChenopodium simplex (Torr.) Raf.
rush skeletonweedChondrilla juncea L.
chicoryCichorium intybus L.
spotted waterhemlockCicuta maculata L.
camphortreeCinnamomum camphora (L.) J. Presl
Canada thistleCirsium arvense (L.) Scop.
marsh thistleCirsium palustre (L.) Scop.
thistleCirsium spp. P. Mill.
bull thistleCirsium vulgare (Savi) Ten.
evergreen clematisClematis vitalba L.
coco yam, wild taroColocasia esculenta (L.) Schott
Asiatic dayflowerCommelina communis L.
poison hemlockConium maculatum L.
field bindweedConvolvulus arvensis L.
Conyza canadensis (L.) Cronq.
narrowleaf hawksbeardCrepis tectorum L.
quinceCydonia oblonga P. Mill.
bermudagrassCynodon dactylon (L.) Pers
houndstongueCynoglossum officinale L.
yellow nutsedgeCyperus esculentus L.
Scotch broomCytisus scoparius (L.) Link
orchardgrassDactylis glomerata L.
crowfootgrassDactyloctenium aegyptium (L.) Willd
jimsonweedDatura stramonium L.
Queen Anne's lace, wild carrotDaucus carota L.
flixweedDescurainia sophia (L.) Webb ex Prantl
Deptford pinkDianthus armeria L.
foxgloveDigitalis purpurea L.
southern crabgrassDigitaria ciliaris (Retz.) Koel
large crabgrassDigitaria sanguinalis (L.) Scop
air-potatoDioscorea bulbifera L.
Chinese yamDioscorea polystachya Turcz.
common teaselDipsacus fullonum L.
teaselDipsacus spp. L.
spring whitlowgrassDraba verna L.
Duchesnea indica (Andr.) Focke
mexicanteaDysphania ambrosioides (L.) Mosyakin & Clemants
barnyardgrassEchinochloa crus-galli (L.) Beauv
common viper's buglossEchium vulgare L.
ecliptaEclipta prostrata (L.) L.
Brazilian waterweedEgeria densa Planch.
common water hyacinthEichhornia crassipes (Mart.) Solms
Russian oliveElaeagnus angustifolia L.
autumn oliveElaeagnus umbellata Thunb.
goosegrassEleusine indica (L.) Gaertn.
squirreltailElymus elymoides (Raf.) Swezey
quackgrassElymus repens (L.) Gould
field horsetailEquisetum arvense L
stinkgrassEragrostis cilianensis (All.) Vign. ex Janchen
weeping lovegrassEragrostis curvula (Schrad.) Nees
Lehmann lovegrassEragrostis lehmanniana Nees
American burnweedErechtites hieraciifolius (L.) Raf. ex DC.
redstem filareeErodium cicutarium (L.) L'Hér. ex Ait.
winged burning bushEuonymus alatus (Thunb.) Sieb.
cypress spurgeEuphorbia cyparissias L.
leafy spurgeEuphorbia esula L.
spotted spurgeEuphorbia maculata (L.) Small
wild buckwheatFallopia convolvulus L.
Japanese knotweedFallopia japonica (Houttuyn) Ronse-Decraene
giant knotweedFallopia sachalinensis (F. Schmidt) Ronse-Decraene
tall fescueFestuca arundinacea Schreb.
Festuca perennis (L.) Columbus & J.P. Sm.
meadow fescueFestuca pratensis Huds.
red fescueFestuca rubra L.
glossy buckthornFrangula alnus Mill.
slender snakecottonFroelichia gracilis (Hook.) Moq.
hairy galinsogaGalinsoga quadriradiata Cav
purple cudweedGamochaeta purpurea (L.) Cabrera
ground ivyGlechoma hederacea L.
broom snakeweedGutierrezia sarothrae (Pursh) Britt. & Rusby
halogetonHalogeton glomeratus (Bieb.) C.A. Mey.
English ivyHedera helix L.
prairie sunflowerHelianthus petiolaris Nutt.
tawny daylilyHemerocallis fulva (L.) L.
dames rocketHesperis matronalis L.
rose of SharonHibiscus syriacus L.
Venice mallowHibiscus trionum L.
orange hawkweedHieracium aurantiacum L.
meadow hawkweedHieracium caespitosum Dumort.
common velvetgrassHolcus lanatus L.
foxtail barleyHordeum jubatum L.
Japanese hopHumulus japonicus Siebold & Zucc.
hydrillaHydrilla verticillata (L. f.) Royle
West Indian marsh grassHymenachne amplexicaulis (Rudge) Nees
black henbaneHyoscyamus niger L.
common St. JohnswortHypericum perforatum L.
hairy cat's earHypochaeris radicata L.
cogongrassImperata cylindrica (L.) Beauv.
ivyleaf morning-gloryIpomoea hederacea Jacq.
pitted morning-gloryIpomoea lacunosa L.
tall morning-gloryIpomoea purpurea (L.) Roth
yellow irisIris pseudacorus L.
Dyer's woadIsatis tinctoria L.
Utah juniperJuniperus osteosperma (Torr.) Little
eastern redcedarJuniperus virginiana L.
castor araliaKalopanax septemlobus (Thunb.) Koidz
Kochia scoparia (L.) A.J. Scott
Korean lespedezaKummerowia stipulacea (Maxim.) Makino
common lespedezaKummerowia striata (Thunb.) Schindl.
tall lettuceLactuca canadensis L.
prickly lettuceLactuca serriola L.
henbitLamium amplexicaule L.
purple deadnettleLamium purpureum L.
largeleaf lantanaLantana camara L.
everlasting peavineLathyrus latifolius L.
common duckweedLemna minor L.
motherwortLeonurus cardiaca L.
hoary cressLepidium draba (L.) Desv
perennial pepperweedLepidium latifolium L.
Virginia pepperweedLepidium virginicum L.
shrubby lespedezaLespedeza bicolor Turcz.
sericea lespedezaLespedeza cuneata (Dum.-Cours.) G. Don
white leadtreeLeucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit
oxeye daisyLeucanthemum vulgare Lam.
Japanese privetLigustrum japonicum Thunb.
glossy privetLigustrum lucidum W.T. Aiton
Chinese privetLigustrum sinense Lour.
privetLigustrum spp. L.
European privetLigustrum vulgare L.
Dalmatian toadflaxLinaria dalmatica (L.) P. Mill.
Dalmatian toadflaxLinaria dalmatica ssp. dalmatica (L.) P. Mill.
yellow toadflaxLinaria vulgaris P. Mill.
perennial ryegrassLolium perenne L.
Japanese honeysuckleLonicera japonica Thunb.
Amur honeysuckleLonicera maackii (Rupr.) Herder
Morrow's honeysuckleLonicera morrowii Gray
bush honeysuckles (exotic)Lonicera spp. L.
Tatarian honeysuckleLonicera tatarica L.
birdsfoot trefoilLotus corniculatus L.
waterpurslaneLudwigia palustris (L.) Ell.
primrose-willowLudwigia peruviana (L.) Hara
Japanese climbing fernLygodium japonicum (Thunb. ex Murr.) Sw.
old world climbing fernLygodium microphyllum (Cav.) R. Br.
Lysimachia arvensis (L.) U. Manns & A. Anderb.
creeping yellow loosestrife, creeping JenneyLysimachia nummularia L.
purple loosestrifeLythrum salicaria L.
osage-orangeMaclura pomifera (Raf.) Schneid.
barberryMahonia spp. Nutt.
paradise appleMalus pumila P. Mill.
common mallowMalva neglecta Wallr.
white horehoundMarrubium vulgare L.
pineapple-weedMatricaria discoidea DC.
black medicMedicago lupulina L.
guineagrassMegathyrsus maximus (Jacq.) R. Webster
melaleucaMelaleuca quinquenervia (Cav.) Blake
chinaberryMelia azedarach L.
white sweetcloverMelilotus albus Medikus
yellow sweet-cloverMelilotus officinalis (L.) Lam.
natalgrassMelinis repens (Willd.) Zizka
spearmintMentha spicata L.
Japanese stiltgrassMicrostegium vimineum (Trin.) A. Camus
wild four-o'clockMirabilis nyctaginea (Michx.) MacM.
Chinese silvergrassMiscanthus sinensis Anderss.
white mulberryMorus alba L.
true forget-me-notMyosotis scorpioides L.
parrotfeatherMyriophyllum aquaticum (Vell.) Verdc.
Eurasian water-milfoilMyriophyllum spicatum L.
brittleleaf naiadNajas minor All.
sacred bambooNandina domestica Thunb.
watercressNasturtium officinale R. Brown
catnipNepeta cataria L.
burmareedNeyraudia reynaudiana (Kunth) Keng ex A.S. Hitchc.
cutleaf evening-primroseOenothera laciniata Hill
Scotch thistleOnopordum acanthium L.
star-of-BethlehemOrnithogalum umbellatum L.
yellow woodsorrelOxalis stricta L.
skunk-vinePaederia foetida L.
fall panicumPanicum dichotomiflorum Michx.
torpedograssPanicum repens L.
dallisgrassPaspalum dilatatum Poir.
wild parsnipPastinaca sativa L.
princesstreePaulownia tomentosa (Thunb.) Sieb. & Zucc. ex Steud.
Pennisetum ciliare (L.) Link
perilla mintPerilla frutescens (L.) Britton
pale smartweedPersicaria lapathifolia (L.) S.F. Gray
Oriental lady's thumbPersicaria longiseta (Bruijn) Kitagawa
ladysthumbPersicaria maculosa S.F. Gray
dotted smartweedPersicaria punctata (Ell.) Small
reed canarygrassPhalaris arundinacea L.
timothyPhleum pratense L.
European common reedPhragmites australis ssp. australis (Cavanilles) Trinius ex Steudel
bambooPhyllostachys spp. Sieb. & Zucc.
longleaf groundcherryPhysalis longifolia Nutt.
common pokeweedPhytolacca americana L.
eastern white pinePinus strobus L.
water lettucePistia stratiotes L.
buckhorn plantainPlantago lanceolata L.
broadleaf plantainPlantago major L.
James' galletaPleuraphis jamesii Torr.
annual bluegrassPoa annua L.
Canada bluegrassPoa compressa L.
muttongrassPoa fendleriana (Steud.) Vasey
spreading bluegrassPoa pratensis ssp. irrigata (Lindm.) H. Lindb.
Kentucky bluegrassPoa pratensis L.
roughstalk bluegrassPoa trivialis L.
water knotweedPolygonum amphibium L.
prostrate knotweedPolygonum aviculare L.
rabbitfoot polypogonPolypogon monspeliensis (L.) Desf.
white poplarPopulus alba L.
balsam poplarPopulus balsamifera L.
common purslanePortulaca oleracea L.
curly-leaved pondweedPotamogeton crispus L.
sulfur cinquefoilPotentilla recta L.
common selfhealPrunella vulgaris L.
kudzuPueraria montana var. lobata (Willd.) Maesen & S. Almeida
Callery pear (Bradford pear)Pyrus calleryana Decne.
sawtooth oakQuercus acutissima Carruthers
tall buttercupRanunculus acris L.
creeping buttercupRanunculus repens L.
European buckthornRhamnus cathartica L.
Russian knapweedRhaponticum repens (L.) Hidalgo
bristly locustRobinia hispida L.
black locustRobinia pseudoacacia L.
multiflora roseRosa multiflora Thunb.
roseRosa spp. L.
highbush blackberryRubus argutus Link
Himalayan blackberryRubus armeniacus Focke
European red raspberryRubus idaeus L.
wine raspberryRubus phoenicolasius Maxim.
red sorrelRumex acetosella L.
curly dockRumex crispus L.
curly dockRumex crispus ssp. crispus L.
white willowSalix alba L.
crack willowSalix fragilis L.
salsolaSalsola spp. L.
Russian thistleSalsola tragus L.
Mediterranean sageSalvia aethiopis L.
water fernSalvinia minima Baker
giant salviniaSalvinia molesta D. S. Mitchell
bouncingbetSaponaria officinalis L.
octopus treeSchefflera actinophylla (Endl.) H.A.T. Harms
Brazilian peppertreeSchinus terebinthifolius Raddi
purple crown-vetchSecurigera varia (L.) Lassen
common ragwortSenecio jacobaea L.
common groundselSenecio vulgaris L.
giant foxtailSetaria faberi Herrm.
knotroot foxtailSetaria parviflora (Poir.) Kerguélen
yellow foxtailSetaria pumila (Poir.) Roemer & J.A. Schultes
green foxtailSetaria viridis (L.) Beauv.
green bristlegrassSetaria viridis var. viridis (L.) P. Beauv.
white campionSilene latifolia Poir.
bladder campionSilene vulgaris (Moench) Garcke
wild mustardSinapis arvensis L.
tumble mustardSisymbrium altissimum L.
hedge mustardSisymbrium officinale (L.) Scop.
horsenettleSolanum carolinense L.
bittersweet nightshadeSolanum dulcamara L.
West Indian nightshadeSolanum ptycanthum Dunal
tropical soda appleSolanum viarum Dunal
perennial sowthistleSonchus arvensis L.
spiny sowthistleSonchus asper (L.) Hill
annual sowthistleSonchus oleraceus L.
European mountain-ashSorbus aucuparia L.
johnsongrassSorghum halepense (L.) Pers.
Bay Biscayne creeping-oxeyeSphagneticola trilobata (L.C. Rich.) Pruski
spiraeaSpiraea spp. L.
common chickweedStellaria pallida (Dumort.) Crépin
medusaheadTaeniatherum caput-medusae (L.) Nevski
saltcedarTamarix ramosissima Ledeb.
tamariskTamarix spp. L.
tansyTanacetum spp.
common tansyTanacetum vulgare L.
Taraxacum laevigatum (Willd.) DC.
dandelionTaraxacum officinale G.H. Weber ex Wiggers
field pennycressThlaspi arvense L.
spreading hedgeparsleyTorilis arvensis (Huds.) Link
eastern poison-ivyToxicodendron radicans (L.)Kuntze
western salsifyTragopogon dubius Scop.
meadow salsifyTragopogon lamottei L.
Chinese tallowtreeTriadica sebifera (L.) Small
puncturevineTribulus terrestris L.
rabbitfoot cloverTrifolium arvense L.
hop cloverTrifolium aureum Pollich
large hop cloverTrifolium campestre Schreb.
small hop cloverTrifolium dubium Sibthorp
alsike cloverTrifolium hybridum L.
red cloverTrifolium pratense L.
white cloverTrifolium repens L.
coltsfootTussilago farfara L.
narrow-leaved cattailTypha angustifolia L.
gorseUlex europaeus L.
Siberian elmUlmus pumila L.
CaesarweedUrena lobata L.
paragrassUrochloa mutica (Forsk.) T.Q. Nguyen
stinging nettleUrtica dioica L.
moth mulleinVerbascum blattaria L.
common mulleinVerbascum thapsus L.
water speedwellVeronica anagallis-aquatica L.
corn speedwellVeronica arvensis L.
thymeleaf speedwellVeronica serpyllifolia L.
bird vetchVicia cracca ssp. cracca L.
common vetchVicia sativa Linnaeus
hairy vetchVicia villosa Roth
common periwinkleVinca minor L.
periwinkleVinca spp. L.
sixweeks fescueVulpia octoflora (Walt.) Rydb.
Japanese wisteriaWisteria floribunda (Willd.) DC.
Chinese wisteriaWisteria sinensis (Sims) DC.
common cockleburXanthium strumarium L.